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in the Waste Sector

In the waste department

. At a historic juncture in climate finance, Friends of the Earth and the Policy Institute (IPS) co-edited a report showing that climate finance is possible.

In the report, the work of many global, regional and local organizations, including the Global Incinerator Alternatives Alliance (GAIA), advocates zero-waste solutions as examples of successful climate projects, which should be the focus of further funding. This includes the Solid Waste Collection and Processing (SWaCH) Cooperative from Pune, which provides door-to-door waste collection for more than 400,000 households, and the Zero Waste Program of Nepal Bir Hospital, which has reduced the dioxin emissions from the incineration of medical waste by more than 90 %.

This research combines the stories of dozens of local and regional groups and demonstrates the importance of learning from successful cases of climate finance in looking to the future. With the establishment of the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the fund aims to help the economic transformation of developing countries by supporting high-quality investments in clean energy and climate resilience. Therefore, future projects must be able to be critical of past climate change Lessons learned in the assessment. Financing projects.

When this report was released, GCF recognized 13 new organizations to manage and allocate funds. According to the BankTrack network, this list includes Deutsche Bank, which is the world's 10th largest coal supporter and has invested 15 billion euros in the industry since 2005. This decision aroused the outrage of more than 20 world-leading climate organizations, including GAIA, Friends of the Earth, and Action Aid International. In the statement, these groups stated that they were “very frustrated and disappointed” and added that the fund “faces a real risk of losing its credibility”.

Previously, people expressed concern about the lack of standards for GCF investment. Earlier this year, civil society organizations asked the GCF to approve an exclusion list to ensure that these climate investments do not ultimately fund dirty energy. In this regard, GAIA and the European Zero Waste Organization have been actively opposed to GCF funding incinerators. Mariel Vilella, deputy director of the European Zero Waste Organization, said: “In view of the urgency of the climate crisis, the shrinking public funding pool, the risk of healthy incineration, and the reliability The availability of alternatives and the conversion of waste into energy would be a bad investment for the Green Climate Fund."

The new research includes 22 examples of successful climate-related projects, programs, and policies across three continents; Africa, Asia, and Latin America. These examples are determined by organizations in the Global South and North and follow a comprehensive list of overall characteristics: all of them are deeply rooted in local communities, are inclusive and encourage the participation of affected communities; recognize and respect people’s rights , Pay special attention to gender and relationship/partnership establishment; most importantly, all these projects are fully funded by grants, thus achieving flexibility, experimentation and innovation. (View the full list)

One of the case studies under the "Mitigation" category in the report is the case study of the Solid Waste Collection and Treatment (SWaCH) Cooperative. Located in Pune, India, the cooperative is “an autonomous social enterprise that provides front-end waste management services”. More than 80% of SWaCH members are women from marginalized castes, so the worker members of the cooperative can earn up to 3 times their previous Daily income.

It is further estimated that the SWaCH plan can save the city about US$2.8 million in waste collection and disposal costs each year, and can prevent 640,000 tons of greenhouse gas emissions each year. The stories and successes of SWaCH staff have been recorded in detail. More detailed information can be found in the GAIA report about successes and lessons from all over the world

Take the Zero Waste Program of Nepal Biel Hospital as an example. The hospital successfully reduced the dioxin emissions associated with incineration of medical waste by 90% without external funding, while increasing the percentage of the total waste stream recycled. To more than 50%, this move is responsible for supporting hundreds of recycling efforts.

With the support of international allies such as the Health Care Foundation and Harmless Healthcare, these incredible achievements are made possible through continuous efforts and initiatives ranging from earthworm composting to redesigning thermometers and other medical technologies to use mercury-free alternatives . The project was implemented with zero budget, demonstrating the great potential of the GCF funding program, which will have the ability to improve waste management in hundreds of hospitals in the region.

The success of waste treatment workers in Pune and Nepal with relatively small budgets clearly shows that GCF should do more to expand and develop such programs, and that truly effective climate financing projects include a wide range of factors. These factors are deeply ingrained in the affected communities. Only by learning these lessons from past successes can we hope to make progress in establishing a strong and effective climate financing model that is fair to all participants.

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