The ultimate glossary of waste and recycling terms
There is no denying it; we are Rubicon's nerds. In fact, it’s not uncommon to walk around in our halls and hear people say anaerobic digestion, OCC or Gaylord casually in daily conversations. We realized that this sounds like a foreign language to those who don’t live and breathe waste and recycling like we do.
Therefore, although we try to minimize the use of terminology, we also believe that it is wise to provide a crash course on waste terminology, which contains commonly used terms and their definitions in the waste world. Are you ready to dive?
What are the different types of waste containers and equipment?
Let's start with the types of waste containers and equipment. Believe it or not, there are nearly ten sayings about trash cans in the trash world, and this is just the beginning! Below is a list of some of the most common terms you might hear about waste containers and equipment.
Bin: A small garbage collection container used to hold a garbage bin before transporting a limited amount of garbage (such as compostable, recycled, and landfill waste) to a larger disposal container (such as a trash can). Pour into the front of the garbage truck or recycling truck to load the garbage truck: a medium-sized garbage collection container, emptied by the fork at the front of the garbage collection truck, lift the container upwards over the front of the truck, and dump it in the open to dump the bag or roller at the rear of the truck Cart: A wheeled trolley used to collect waste and recyclables. Wheels are used to facilitate transportation to the roadside or trailer; also known as rear-load container roll-on or open-top type: a large waste collection container designed for temporary projects such as industrial enterprises or landscaping work or construction. Unlike front-loading containers, trucks can only haul one roller mixed container at a time: a single waste container to hold a mixed collection of some or all of the following material categories: paper, aluminum, steel, glass, and plastic compactors: a Type of equipment that uses pressure to compress recyclable materials into dense blocks. Balers: equipment used to bind compacted cubes or blocks of recyclable materials, such as cardboard lock levers: a locking system for trash bins to hold trash bin lids Closed to prevent rainwater from entering and to prevent unauthorized users from discarding waste into the container Gaylord: a large, reusable corrugated cardboard box-usually called a cardboard box-used to transport materials such as hazardous waste or general waste
What are the different types of waste?
It is important to know that rubbish is not just rubbish. It is composed of many different waste materials, from plastic and paper to metal and glass and so on. Each of these broad waste categories can be subdivided into more fine-grained levels. Let's dive into some basic waste types.
Waste: Unnecessary materials left due to human habitation or manufacturing and production processes. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW): Commonly referred to as garbage or rubbish, it consists of daily necessities discarded by the public, many of which can be recycled, including durable goods, non-products Durable goods, containers and packaging, and other wastes Post-consumer waste: discarded items and materials used by consumers, usually collected from households and businesses, pre-consumer or post-industrial waste: discarded items or materials generated during the manufacturing process but not yet used by consumers, Examples include damaged or obsolete products, overrun and trim waste generation: the weight or volume of materials and products that enter the waste stream before recycling, composting, landfilling, or burning occurs. It can also represent the amount of waste generated by a given source or source category. Waste flow: The total flow of solid waste from households, businesses, institutions, and manufacturing plants that are recycled, burned, or disposed of in landfills, usually divided into different waste flow types. Waste characterization: identify the various waste materials that make up the waste flow The process usually includes the chemical and microbiological components of the waste material. Recyclable materials: the waste materials can be easily separated from the waste stream and collected for use as substitutes. New "raw" raw materials single stream (SSR) or mixed or mixed recycling: Mix multiple recyclable materials such as plastic, paper, metal and/or glass in one container instead of collecting and storing each material separately. Resin Identification Code (RIC): a number-based coding system placed in plastic Above, used to identify polymer for recycling purposes #1-Polyethylene Phthalate (PET) #2-High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) #3-Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) #4-Low Density Polyethylene #5-Polypropylene (PP) #6-Polystyrene (PS) #7-Other (mixed plastic) compostable: waste materials that can be biodegraded at a consistent rate in the composting yard, decomposed into carbon dioxide and water , Inorganic Compounds and Biomass Organic Waste: Waste from living organisms, such as food, garden and lawn clippings, and wood waste, which can be recycled and converted into valuable products, such as compost or renewable energy. Food waste: from residential and commercial institutions Unedible food and food preparation waste, including grocery stores, restaurants, agricultural products stalls, institutional cafeterias and kitchens, and industrial sources. Post-consumer food waste: Food that has been provided to consumers but not consumed. Pre-consumer food waste: due to food processing And the waste generated before it reaches the consumer, such as vegetable rejects, brewery by-products, coffee grounds or kitchen utensil waste. Green waste: urban landscape waste, usually consisting of leaves, grass clippings, weeds, yard trimmings, wood waste and others Composition of miscellaneous organic materials. Old Corrugated Box (OCC): Waste commonly referred to as cardboard, including boxes, containers or other packaging made of unbleached, unwaxed paper, with folds or corrugated paper lining Construction and Demolition (C&D) Waste: In Debris generated during the construction, renovation or demolition of buildings, roads and bridges. These waste materials are usually bulky, heavy, and productive. Electronic or e-waste: Waste consisting of electronic products nearing the end of their useful lives.Many e-waste products can be reused, refurbished or recycled, and government regulations generally ensure that e-waste is recycled rather than sent to landfills. Hazardous waste: waste that poses a substantial or potential threat to public health or the environment, including four key characteristics: flammability, reactivity, corrosiveness and toxicity. General waste: a special type of hazardous waste, usually including fluorescent lamps and cathode ray tubes , Mercury or battery
How to collect and dispose of garbage?
Have you ever wondered where is far away when you throw things away? Every piece of trash has a final destination, some of which have a significantly better impact on the environment than others.
Hauler or Collector: Public or private entities that collect non-hazardous waste and recyclable materials from residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial sources. Roadside collection: a method of collecting recyclable materials in households, community areas, or businesses. Exchange programs: a Waste collection plan, in which bins full of garbage are removed by porters or collectors and replaced with empty bins Source separation: a system that separates various waste streams at the point of generation, making recycling in certain locations easier and more efficient Or more cost-effective sanitary landfill: non-waste disposal site hazardous solid waste is distributed in layers, compacted to the smallest actual volume, and covered with materials at the end of each operation day. Safe chemical waste landfill: select and design hazardous waste disposal sites to minimize the chance of releasing harmful substances into the environment: methane: a colorless, non-toxic, flammable substance, and greenhouse gas produced by anaerobic decomposition of organic compounds. If captured and managed correctly, it can be used for energy. If it is not captured or managed properly, it can have a harmful effect on the environment. Material Recycling Facility (MRF): A facility that separates recyclable materials from each other and processes them for shipment and sale to various markets. Plastic Recycling Facility (PRF): A facility that classifies mixed plastic items into plastic resin streams, waste conversion facilities: A facility that converts recycled municipal solid waste into usable forms of energy, usually by burning a compost facility: an off-site facility where organic waste is decomposed by organisms under controlled conditions. Anaerobic digestion: microorganisms decompose organic materials (such as food) Residues, manure and sewage sludge) to complete the final target facilities without oxygen: facilities such as factories, manufacturers, and composting facilities to obtain recyclable materials to be converted into new products or raw materials. Biogas: a renewable energy source Incineration occurs during the entire anaerobic digestion process: a method of destroying waste through controlled combustion at high temperatures. Decomposition: bacteria and fungi decompose substances, changing the chemical composition and physical appearance of the material Rendering: converting liquid fat and solid meat products The industry becomes the raw material for animal food, food cosmetics, soap, etc.
What is recycling and transfer?
Our mission is to eliminate waste, so it’s no surprise that we use a lot of rubbish terms